A Permanent Resident Card is an immigration document in Canada, which is credit card sized so that it fits easily into your wallet, which is proof that the holder is a legal immigrant in Canada.
Generally, this document is used only when travelling or applying for social benefits and does not need to be carried on your person constantly if you are a Permanent Resident. Permanent Residency, once granted, is indefinite unless a condition of your permanent residency is violated, such as in the case of the committal of a crime.
You can use this application if:
- You just got your Permanent Resident status and wish to receive your Permanent Resident Card (PRC). If this is the case you will be applying for an initial PR Card.
- Your Permanent Resident Card has been lost, stolen, damaged, mutilated or otherwise rendered unusable. If this is the case you will have to select, on the form, what happened to your PR Card and include it in the application package.
- After a period of about five years, your Permanent Resident Card will expire. While it is not imminently important to have it replaced (you status does not expire, though the card does) it is still a good idea to have it renewed when it expires to ensure that you always have current documentation.
Form IMM 5444E costs $50 to file for any of the above reasons. Payments must be made before the application is submitted and the receipt from this transaction must be included in the application package.
In order to better serve our customers, Immigration Direct offers a variety of information on many different Canadian immigration questions. Our resources page provides more information.
Citizenship is a process and the more you know about it, the better prepared you will be for the process. On our resources page you can learn more about:
- The benefits of Canadian citizenship. Why is citizenship worth getting?
- What requirements do you need to meet first before you apply for citizenship? Find out about the residency requirements.
- Learn more about the citizenship test and its two parts: the language competency test and the history test.
- Have a specific question? Someone may have asked it before too! It might already be listed on our list of Frequently Asked Questions.
Canadian Permanent Residency
Permanent Residency is an immigration status in Canada which grants a person the right to live, work, study and travel freely throughout the country. Here you can learn:
- How to Apply for Your First Permanent Resident Card.
- How to maintain your current Permanent Resident Status.
- How to enter Canada as a Permanent Resident.
- And the Frequently Asked Questions about Permanent Residency and the Permanent Resident Card.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada, or the CIC as it is more often referred to, is the immigration authority in Canada and is responsible not only for the issuance of immigration benefits and enforcement of the borders, but also the development and success of immigrants within Canada.
- Have relatives from Canada? Learn more about your genealogy with the CIC’s guide.
- Want to visit Canada, but the thought of getting a visa just seems like too much hassle to you? You might not have to obtain a visa (depending on your country-of-origin) and you can find out with our helpful list of Countries and Territories Requiring a Visa for Canada.
- Immigration legislation is full of terms which have definitions that aren’t always clear. That’s why we have a useful immigration dictionary. Look up confusing terms with only a click of the mouse!
Citizenship and Immigration Canada has a coded number assigned to every form and document that they use. Forms that have to do with immigration are given the prefix “IMM”, in the case of citizenship documents, the prefix is “CIT”.
CIT 0002E is the citizenship application for adults. Adults are defined as people being 18 years old or older. This application is to be filed only after permanent residents have satisfied the requirements for becoming citizens of Canada. Children are to file a different form.
The form mentions near the end of the PDF that there are certain documents that must be included in the package for a successful application. Some of these documents are:
- A photocopy of Form IMM 1000 (the Record of Landing). The Confirmation of Permanent Residence, IMM 5292 can also be accepted in place of a Record of Landing.
- A photocopy of both sides of the applicant’s PR Card.
- A photocopy that shows that you are proficient in either French or English.
- Photocopies of the pages of your passport, including the biographical pages.
- Photocopies of two items of identification. Acceptability of identification documents should be checked with the CIC website.
- Two photos, meeting certain strict standards, to be included in the application.
- A printed copy of the online residence calculator offered by the CIC, signed and dated.
- The appropriate fee receipt.
Mailing the Application
All citizenship applications are to be sent to the Case Processing Centre located in Sydney, Nova Scotia.
The mailing address is:
Case Processing Centre – Sydney
P.O. Box 7000
The CIC estimates that it takes approximately 23 months to be granted citizenship after you have received a receipt confirming the acceptance of your application.
If you want to apply to extend your temporary visa in Canada you will have to file IMM 5708, Application to Change Conditions or Extend Your Stay in Canada.
This is, of course, not the initial application for temporary residence in Canada. That form is separate and should be filed in your home country. This form has a very specific purpose.
There are many different types of temporary visas (student visas, work visas, tourism visas, business visas, temporary family visas) and they can all be extended using this form.
Remember that all applications must be made at least 30 days prior to the expiry of your current visa. If your visa expires while you wait for a decision from the CIC you will not accrue illegal status. However, if your application is rejected you will have to leave Canada immediately in order to avoid future legal restrictions.
The fees associated with the extension of a visa are conveniently payable online. You can also pay at a Canadian financial institution as well, however, that is much more complex.
The total fees for extension of temporary status are $75 Canadian.
Where to Mail the Forms
Applications for visa extensions should be sent to the Case Processing Center in Vegreville at:
Case Processing Center-Vegreville
Vegrevile, Alberta, T9C 1W5
When you need to correct information on your immigration documents you need to use IMM 1436, Request to Amend Record of Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Valid Temporary Resident Documents.
Immigrants looking to file for any of the above documents should look for different forms.
This document will allow you to change the following information provided you supply sufficient evidence to show that it is true and correct:
- Your name, last, first or middle,
- Date or place of birth,
- Country of citizenship,
- Your sex (or gender),
- Your date of landing or original landing,
- Marriage information.
Keep in mind that this form is only used to correct information that Canadian immigration officials got wrong when you first applied for benefits in Canada.
If you have had your name or other information legally changed, that is another form and process altogether.
A Record of Landing is the document that you receive upon entry to Canada. It is effectively proof and recorded confirmation that you have indeed entered Canada in a legal fashion.
Confirmation of Permanent Residence is a document sent to Permanent Residents that shows that they are in legal status. This is not a PR Card.
Temporary Resident Documents vary in usage and can be simply proof that a particular person has the right to work or study in Canada at their will.
Remember, this form should only ever be filed if you discover that there is a mistake printed on one of the above documents.
permanent resident in Canada you may not be entirely familiar with how crimes are handled by the Canadian government, however, it does not take long to understand how the system basically works.
There are many activities regularly engaged in in other countries which are considered to be unlawful in Canada. The source of these standards lies in the norms and moral tradition of commonwealth countries. Some unlawful activities include:
- Underage sexual activity (the age of consent in Canada is 16, unless the relationship is confounded with relationships based on authority or trust, in which case the age of consent is 18).
- Female genital mutilation.
- Crimes of honor (such as avenging the death of a family member, or stoning adulterers).
- Child abuse or neglect. Ignoring a child is considered just as unlawful as physically hurting them. The same goes for the elderly.
- Human trafficking, the trading or sale of human beings for various reasons, is also strictly against the law.
If you happen to witness or seriously suspect a crime, you can report these concerns to the police who can be reached on the phone at 911.
The Legal System
There are three legal concepts that are important to remember regarding Canadian law:
- Everyone is assumed to be innocent until they are convicted;
- Everyone (including the police, public figures, judges and regular people) are subject to the same laws.
- If you happen to be arrested or detained you have the right to know which crime you are being held to and an attorney.
The Canadian legal system is divided into multiple levels from descending order: federal, provincial or territorial, local or municipal. Each level may have slightly different laws, but the big crimes are essentially standardized by the federal government.
Hopefully, you will never have to encounter the legal process in Canada (and it is our hope that this post adds towards that effort) but it is always important to know how these systems work.
Everyone who steps foot into Canada has a certain set of rights that they are always entitled to, whether they are an immigrant or a citizen.
Understanding rights granted to people within Canada is essential before entering the country, and oftentimes people are attracted to come to Canada based on these rights themselves.
Some rights granted to people in Canada:
- The freedom to practice any religion they choose,
- Regardless of gender, race, religion, sex, age, or mental or physical disability, everyone is entitled to the same rights,
- You have the freedom to print your thoughts and beliefs as well as speak them aloud,
- Everyone is equal under the law and Canada’s government must recognize this,
- All government services and documents must be made available to people in either English or French,
- Canada also grants these same rights to people independent of their sexuality.
You may notice that some of these rights are similar in content to the rights in the United States Constitution. This is because the US Constitution is significantly older than the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (by a little over two hundred years).
When the Canadian Constitution was written about fifty years ago it borrowed quite a bit from its neighbor to the south. However, because of the age of the United States’ document the language is a little more complex.
“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
Canada made this a little easier to understand by breaking it up into sections:
- People have the freedom of religion in Canada.
- You have the right to voicing your own opinions in Canada.
- You have the right to print your own opinions in Canada.
- You can gather with people in Canada.
They are similar, but Canada is by far easier to understand.
After immigrating to a new place, such as Canada, it is important to become familiar with the local currency and the way that financial institutions operate. Citizenship and Immigration Canada recently released a guidebook for new permanent residents called Welcome to Canada and here we will discuss the currency system for the Dominion of Canada.
Canadian currency has been designed in such a way as to be easily recognizable so that it is difficult to confuse denominations. The currency of Canada is the Canadian dollar which is internationally notated as C$, but in Canada is more often notated as just $. The dollar is then further subdivided into 100 units termed cents (¢).
Most of the coins have nicknames:
- A 1 ¢ piece is typically called a penny, however, pennies are now defunct in Canada and no longer minted.
- A 5 ¢ piece is called a nickel and is made of the metal nickel.
- A 10 ¢ piece is called a dime, and although it is effectively the same size as a United States dime, the Canadian dime is magnetic.
- A 25 ¢ piece is called a quarter because it is the equivalent of a quarter of a dollar.
- A 1$ coin is called a loonie because it features a picture of a loon on the obverse side.
- A 2$ coin, in a play-of-words on the 1 ¢ piece, is called the toonie. Toonies do not have a picture of a loon on the back of the coin.
Canadian bills have very distinct counter-counterfeiting features. Parts of the bills are transparent plastic and much of the surface of the bill features watermarks and holographic images. This makes it incredibly difficult to pass off fake Canadian bills.
Each denomination of Canadian bills has different colors to aid in their identification at-a-glance:
- A five dollar bill is blue,
- A ten dollar bill is purple,
- A twenty dollar bill is green,
- A fifty dollar bill is red,
- And a one-hundred dollar bill is brown.
Each unit has a different portrait of a famous person in Canadian history or government.
Canada, in a similar way to many other countries, has a complex system of information exchange through their media system. Telephones, radio, television and the Internet are all widely available throughout Canada and quite accessible to everyone.
Telephone numbers are effectively an address that a telephone can access. In Canada, numbers are normally ten digits long (a three digit area code followed by a seven digit number). The rates or cost of telephone calls varies depending upon how far away the person you want to reach is.
The Canadian postal service is the traditional form of information exchange and if you need to send a package you will need to use this helpful service. There are also non-government services available for your shipping needs.
The Internet is an excellent information gathering tool and you can learn just about anything online. The Internet is available in all public libraries free of charge as long as you are a member of the library.
Also, many people choose to maintain an Internet connection in their homes for easy access.
Traditional Broadcast Media
The national broadcasting corporation for Canada is called the CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) and it offers news as well as many other programming options on both television and radio.
Both television and radio are widely available, but in order to get television you will need to obtain a digital tuner.
When moving to a new place—particularly a new country in the case of immigration—it is important to learn ahead of time something about the new place. By familiarizing yourself with the customs and modes of life in the new place you will find your transition all the smoother.
Elementary and Secondary Schools
Schooling is compulsory in Canada and is required of every child up until the age of 16 or 18 (depending on the province and its rules). Children are to be enrolled by their parents when they are 5 or 6 years old and their absence from the school system is called truancy. Families with truant children may be subject to fines or other mandates.
This isn’t to say that children must attend the public schools run by the provinces. Parents have two other options available to them:
- Private schools which are funded by tuition and are often religious in nature, or
- Home schooling where the parents themselves are the primary teachers of the children.
Teachers in public schools are certified by the province and are competent professionals who will do well to teach your children if you choose to use public schools.
Children begin school in late August, this being the beginning of the school year, and finish in June. There are three large holiday breaks throughout the year: summer break, winter break and spring break. Other holidays are scattered throughout the year.
Occasionally snowy conditions will make it unsafe to travel to school. In these cases school is cancelled and is called a “snow day”.
Be sure to join us tomorrow for another look into Canadian culture and life.