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Canadian Citizenship

Deciding Whether to Become a Canadian Permanent Resident or Citizen

Almost all immigration programs in Canada require you to become a Canadian permanent resident before becoming eligible for citizenship. Whether you apply through Express Entry, a Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), or some other immigration program, you secure permanent residency, not citizenship. After you have been a permanent resident and have lived in Canada for three …

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Dual Citizenship in Canada: It is Right for You?

Dual citizenship means you maintain citizenship of two countries. If you are a foreign national applying for Canadian citizenship, ask your country’s embassy about the rules for citizenship. Some nations do not permit dual citizenship. If they do permit it, you need to follow their rules. In Canada, for example, if you obtain a second …

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Learning English and French to Pass the Canadian Citizenship Interview

If you want to immigrate to Canada or are a permanent resident and wish to apply for Canadian citizenship, you need strong language skills in either French or English, which are the two official languages of Canada. You will need to pass an approved language test in order to qualify to immigrate under Express Entry …

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How to Replace a Lost Canadian Citizenship Certificate

Your Canadian citizenship certificate proves your status as a citizen and you may need this documentation to secure a job and benefits in Canada. If you are a citizen by birth, you may be able to prove your status by using your provincial or territorial birth certificate. If you need a certificate and your citizenship …

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What is the Difference Between a Citizenship Card and Citizenship Certificate?

Before 2012, Canada issued citizenship cards. These wallet-sized cards were issued to naturalized citizens and resembled the birth certificates which were issued by many provinces and which were also wallet-sized and plastic and could be used to prove citizenship. After February 1, 2012, CIC the citizenship card and the commemorative certificate presented to new Canadians …

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Photo Requirements for Applying for Canadian Citizenship

When you submit a Canadian citizenship application, you will need to include two passport-sized photos of you with your application. These photos will need to meet certain requirements to be acceptable. The photographs must: Show you with a neutral expression. Your mouth must be closed and you must not be smiling or frowning. Be two …

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Processing Time for Citizenship Applications

If you have applied for citizenship, you may be eager to become a Canadian and start enjoying all the privileges. The processing times for citizenship applications vary widely, but understanding how long you will wait can help you plan ahead. After you have applied for citizenship, you will face a wait as authorities review your …

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Citizenship Application Photograph Specifications

When you apply to become a Canadian citizen, you will need to complete and submit an application package, including Form CIT 0002E, if you are applying as an adult. As part of your application package, you will need to submit two (2) photographs of yourself. Familiarize yourself with the requirements for these photos. If you …

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Canadian Citizenship Application Checklist

Applying for Canadian citizenship is a journey with many steps. You will need to establish whether you qualify for citizenship, you will need to meet residency and other requirements, and you will need to apply. If you are an adult, your application will include Form CIT 0002 (Application for Canadian Citizenship — Adults). As part …

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