If you are in Canada as a live-in caregiver, temporary worker or International Experience Canada worker, your work permit allows you to legally work in the country. Your permit has an expiry date and before you get to this date, you may wish to renew or extend your work permit so you can continue to remain and stay employed in Canada. How you apply to renew your permit will depend on the type of work you do.
Renewing a Work Permit as a Live-in Caregiver
No new applicants are being accepted as part of the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP). However, if you already have a work permit as part of the LCP you can submit the Application for work permit inside Canada either online or on paper to extend the date of your work permit or to change the terms of your employment. The terms of your employment are changed if you work for a different employer or if your location changes.
You must apply for your new work permit under the LCP at least 30 days before your current permit expires. Until you get your new permit, your status will continue under your current permit. Since it can take longer than 30 days to renew your permit, you may want to apply more than 30 days in advance.
Renewing a Work Permit as a Temporary Worker
If you are a temporary worker in Canada, you can file to renew your permit by filing an Application to Change Conditions or Extend Your Stay in Canada 30 days or more before your current permit expiry date. You can apply online or through a paper application.
If your job changes or is extended, follow the instructions on the Application to Change Conditions or Extend Your Stay in Canada to show officials how your employment has changed. If you have a new job offer or a new employer in Canada, you must apply for a new work permit and you must not start your new job until you have your new permit.
Renewing an Experience Canada Work Permit
In some exceptional circumstances, your Experience Canada Work Permit may be renewed or extended. If for example, your original employment was for less time than you are eligible for and your employer offers you longer employment, you may be able to seek to renew your work permit by filing Form IMM 5710E, Application to change conditions, extend my stay or remain in Canada as a worker. If you are fired, the company has gone bankrupt, you are not getting your wages, or you face other serious problems with your employer, you may be able to change employers.
Getting a Bridging Open Work Permit
If your work permit expires in four months or less but you have decided to seek permanent residency in Canada, applying for a bridging open work permit allows you to stay and work in Canada while your immigration application is processed. To apply, fill out and submit the Application for work permit inside Canada, indicating your request for an “Open Work Permit” on the form.
Your Renewed Work Permit
If you’re concerned about maintaining your ability to work in Canada, there are many resources to help you. One professionally-compiled set of resources is Immigration Direct. Take a look at our free blog, which lets you stay up-to-date about changes to Canada’s immigration policies. Or, get our step-by-step resource for applying to renew your work permit. It contains all the forms you need as well as clear instructions so you can apply today.
If you are renewing your PR Card, you will generally need to submit photos with your application. Be sure to read the application guide and instructions, as they will contain information about photo requirements.
PR Card photos must be:
- Original and not PhotoShopped or altered in any way.
- Taken of you, not taken from a photograph.
- Identical to each other; do not submit two different photos.
- Identical and unaltered photographs.
- Taken by a commercial photographer.
- Clear and focused.
- 2 inches (50 mm) wide and 2 ¾ inches (70 mm) high.
- Centered so your face is in the middle and so that your face is no smaller than 1 ¼ inches (31 mm) and no larger than 1 7/16 inches (36 mm) from the crown of your head to your chin.
- Posed so your mouth is closed and unsmiling and your eyes are open with a neutral facial expression.
- Uniform in lighting, with no reflections, shadows, or glare.
- Posed so you face the camera straight on.
- Taken in front of a contrasting, white background with no ornament and no other objects in the frame.
- Accurate, reflecting your normal skin tone and your regular appearance.
- Professionally printed on high quality plain photographic paper. The photos cannot be printed at home.
- Taken in the past six months.
Photos may be in colour or black and white. You cannot wear facial covering or tinted glasses in your photo and your photo cannot have red-eye glare. If you normally wear head coverings for medical or religious reasons, you can wear that covering. However, it must not produce a shadow on your face in the picture and must not cover your face. Exceptions may be made if you require a nasal cannula for medical reasons. If this is the case, make sure your eyes are visible and include a medical explanation with your application.
In addition, the back of one photo included with your application package must include:
- Your date of birth and name.
- The full address and name of the commercial photographer or studio who took the photo.
- The date the photo was taken.
This information cannot be glued on with a sticker. The photographer must print this information or use a stamp.
You may have questions about submitting your photos and you may wonder whether the photos you have from a commercial photographer meet the requirements. Immigration Direct has resources to help you get clear answers about what is needed. Be sure to check out our free FAQs, too, as well as our kits, which include everything you need to apply for a new PR Card.
If you need to renew your PR card because it has expired, you will need to submit a full application, including supporting documents. Leaving out any required documents can slow your processing time and can create delays. While the documents you need will depend on your application, you will generally need:
- A photocopy of the main identification document. This document is typically a travel document or a valid passport. It must be an official document with your name, photo, birthday, and an expiry date. The photocopy should be clear.
- Photocopies of two additional forms of identification. These can include a driver’s license, an identification card from the province where you reside, identification from a college or university you attend or other eligible official documentation.
- Evidence of residency. You must be able to show you meet residency requirements by sending eligible and complete photocopies of Income Tax documents, school transcripts, school attendance records, or other eligible documentation.
- Two photos which have been taken in the last six months before you applied. The photos must be placed in a small envelope with the name of the applicant written on the envelope. Write the name on the envelope before placing the photos inside to ensure the photos are not damaged. In addition, do not use paperclips or staples with the photos. Make sure the photos meet current Photograph Specifications before sending.
Keep in mind that you may be asked for additional documentation at any point when you apply for a PR card renewal. If you are asked for more documentation, provide it at once to avoid delays with your application.
To ensure you have all the right documentation for your application, be sure to read and fill out the documentation checklist, IMM 5644. Complete IMM 5644 and include the completed form with your application.
Do you need help ensuring your application is complete? Failing to submit required documents with your application can mean your application is returned or delayed and if your PR card expires you will not be able to travel to and from Canada without getting additional travel documentation.
If you want to ensure you get the right documentation and fill out your PR card renewal application correctly, ImmigrationDirect has resources to help you. We have step-by-step guides to assist you through the application process in plain language and we explain everything clearly, so you understand what you must do to get your PR card. Since we use the latest forms and the most up-to-date information, you can be assured you’re using the correct versions of forms, too. We even have free information to help you understand PR cards better.
In the past, the term “landed immigrant” was used to describe a legal resident of Canada who could work and live in the country but who did not have Canadian citizenship. Today, this term is no longer used. Instead, what many people consider a “landed immigrant” describes permanent resident status.
Are You Eligible?
Permanent resident status in Canada allows you to live in Canada, travel to and from the country, hold jobs, study, move and get health care, among other privileges. To apply for permanent resident status, you must first establish you are eligible.
You are eligible to become a permanent resident of Canada if:
- You have at least 12 months of full-time skilled work experience in Canada and meet all the NOC (National Occupational Classification) and language proficiency required to apply for permanent residency under the Canadian Experience Class
- Have family who can sponsor you in Canada
- You have a specific job offer in Canada which allows you to apply to live and work in Canada
- You have no criminal record
- You meet the other requirements established by the eligibility criteria
- You meet the requirements for permanent residency based on humanitarian and compassionate grounds
Applying to Live in Canada
To apply for permanent resident status in Canada, you must fill out the appropriate application, based on how you are applying for permanent residency. For example, you may:
- Use Form IMM 1344 to sponsor a relative to immigrate to Canada
- Use Form IMM 0008 to apply for permanent residency through sponsorship
- Use the Government of Canada online form and profile to apply through job offers or through your work experience
It is important to use the right forms and to submit all relevant information as well as fees. Immigration forms also change, as do requirements. If you need support filling out the forms or selecting the right forms, ImmigrationDirect has many online resources to help you immigrate to Canada. Our information is always being refreshed, so you get the latest information and the latest versions of forms as well as help completing the forms fully and correctly.
A Record of Landing, also known as Form IMM 1000, is issued to you if you take up permanent residence in Canada. It is an important form and will be required of you if you ever want to apply for a PR card or for naturalization. It may also be required to apply for a pension and for other benefits.
Since without this form you will have a hard time proving permanent residency, you will want to replace it right away. You can do this by filing an Application for a Verification of Status (VOS) or Replacement of an Immigration Document (IMM 5009) and submitting it with the required application fee and requested documents.
In some cases, you may need your record of landing sooner. For example, if you are applying for a pension, waiting months for processing can mean you do not get your pension for some time. If you need your replacement record of landing sooner, apply for urgent processing.
What if My Record of Landing is Has Errors on It?
Your record of landing is meant to be accurate at the time you arrive in Canada. If after you arrive in Canada your personal information changes, you will not need to make updates to your record of landing. However, if your record of landing contains errors and does not reflect your name, status or other information at your time of entry, you will need to amend your document. You can do this by completing and filing a Request to Amend Record of Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Valid Temporary Resident Documents (IMM 5218).
You can only use IMM 5218 to correct errors made by immigration officials. You can apply for urgent processing if you cannot obtain benefits or if you risk losing employment due to mistakes made on your documents.
As part of IMM 5218, you may need to submit supporting documents. If some of the requested documents are in a language other than English or French, you will need to have them translated. This translation cannot be completed by you or a family member but instead, must be completed by a certified Canadian translator or a translator who submits an affidavit attesting to the accuracy of the translation.
If you have questions about replacing or correcting a record of landing or are having challenges with the process, Immigration Direct has a guide to help you replace your documents as well as resources to help you correct your record of landing. Our page contains FAQs and other helpful resources, so feel free to visit our site today.
A work permit allows you to work in Canada if you don’t have permanent resident or citizenship status. If you lose your work permit, you are still qualified to work in Canada, because your status does not change. However, you will not be able to easily prove your status. For this reason, you will want to replace your work permit as soon as possible.
What Form Do I Need?
You can replace your work permit if it is damaged, lost, or stolen by filing an Application for a Verification of Status (VOS) or Replacement of an Immigration Document and submitting the fee, which is currently $30. If you have lost your work permit because of a natural disaster, there may be an additional relief for you. For example, in October 2017 those who lost immigration documents due to the wildfires in British Columbia were able to apply to have their work permits replaced without needing to pay the application fee.
The Application for a Verification of Status (VOS) or Replacement of an Immigration Document will require you to submit personal details, such as identifying details, contact information, and the date you entered Canada. You will need to indicate you are applying for a work permit replacement and you will need to submit any documentation requested.
If your work permit contains any errors, you must correct them. To do this, file Form IMM 1436. This is the form you will use only if errors were made. If your information changed after you arrived in Canada because you married or made other life changes, you will need to apply for a new work permit.
Get Your Work Permit Fast
Any errors you make in your application can delay your obtaining your new work permit. For this reason, make sure you review the instructions that came with the form. Verify all the details and review your application before sending it. If you find the application difficult, Immigration Direct has a guide to the Application for a Verification of Status (VOS) or Replacement of an Immigration Document, including everything you need to fill out the form correctly.
The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program was created by the Obama administration to allow children of undocumented US residents to have some ability to remain the country legally. DACA allowed qualified residents to remain in the United States without deportation as long as they paid a fee and renewed their status every two years. Those who applied for deportation protection under this program were sometimes called “Dreamers,” so named because of the long-awaited but never passed Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act (DREAM).
U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions has announced that the US will be rescinding DACA, leaving the approximately 800,000 individuals who have DACA protection vulnerable to deportation. Some of those young people may wish to consider Canada as an option.
Already, some within the Canadian system have stated that Canada should develop a system to bring young people living under DACA protections to Canada. Ontario Independent Senator Ratna Omidvar has proposed Canada pursue Dreamers through its economic migrant program.
Although there is no formal program in place right now for Dreamers to apply to get into Canada with special processing, those living in the United States under the DACA program may qualify to apply for immigration into Canada.
How to Apply to Immigrate to Canada
US Attorney General Jeff Sessions has stated Congress will be tasked with finding ways to protect young people who are affected by the rescinding of DACA, but so far no specific solution has been created under the Trump administration. The DACA program will not be rescinded until March 5, 2018, which may give Dreamers time to find other solutions.
If you are living in the US under the DACA program you may wish to consider Canada as an option. If you have a degree and have some work experience, you may qualify under the Express Entry system. This system is points-based and allows Canada to invite people who have needed job skills. You can apply online by filling out a form.
You are awarded points based on your skills and education. Once you are in the Express Entry pool, you can start seeking a job in Canada. If you get a job offer, you can get additional points. If you are one of the higher-ranking applicants in the pool, you may be invited to apply for permanent residency in Canada.
There are also routes to entry into Canada. Dreamers may be able to apply for permanent residency in Canada by applying under one of the economic classes as a self-employed person, caregiver, immigrant investor or other class. Another option is to apply for sponsorship. If you have an immediate family member who is a Canadian citizen, he or she may be able to sponsor you to immigrate to Canada.
If you are considering moving to Canada, Immigration Direct has useful resources as well as detailed and up-to-date information about family sponsorship applications and economic class immigration as well as Express Entry. You can find everything you need in one place so you can start applying right now.
If you are not already eligible for Canadian citizenship because you were born in Canada or born to Canadian parents, you can apply to become a citizen. In order to do this, you must apply and you must meet these prerequisites:
- You must have Permanent Resident status. Your status must not be compromised by unfulfilled conditions, removal orders, or a review for accusations of fraud.
- You must have lived in Canada as a permanent resident for at least 1,460 days over the six years before you place your signature on your citizenship application. You may not need to meet residency requirements if you are a crown servant or the family of one. You may also not need to meet minimum requirements for residency if you are applying for the fast track process to citizenship as a former or current member of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). Children who have a parent applying for them also currently do not need to meet residency requirements.
- You must be able to show a basic understanding of French or English.
- You must be able to pass a citizenship test and interview, which establishes your ability to have a basic conversation in English or French about Canada, including the responsibilities of citizenship, Canadian history and other topics pertaining to Canada. The topics you will need to know about are covered in the Discover Canada study guide.
- You must have paid taxes. If the Income Tax Act requires you to pay taxes, you must have filed for four years in the six years before your application.
- You must be in good standing. If you are currently serving jail time, probation, or are in trial for a serious crime, your application may be affected.
- You must meet application requirements. You must apply for citizenship, using the correct forms. You must fill out the forms fully and honestly and send them in, as required, with the appropriate application fee. You can find the right forms as well as a clear, step-by-step guide to filling out the right forms at Immigration Direct.
Requirements for Seniors
Applicants for Canadian citizenship who are at least 55 years old will not need to show a good grasp of English or French and will not need to show they understand the history and culture of Canada. Senior applicants will still need to meet for a citizenship interview and meet other citizenship requirements.
Requirements for Children
Children who are applying to become Canadian will generally do so with their parents. To do this, the form Application for Canadian Citizenship — Minors [CIT 0003] must be used. The correctly completed form, with all required documentation and application fee, must be submitted. The child needs to meet residency requirements, just like any applicant, and must have one or two parents who will either become Canadians at the same time or who are already citizens. Children over the age of fourteen will also need to show a basic understanding of the privileges and duties of citizenship and demonstrate a basic understanding of English or French.
Beginning Oct. 24, 2017, the maximum age of allowed dependent children for a Canada immigration applicant rises to 21 years of age when no common-law relationship exists for that child. The older age adds three years to the previous maximum age rule of 18 years for a dependent child.
The current rule defining the maximum age at 18 years continues to apply to applications submitted and still in process from Aug. 1, 2014, to Oct. 23, 2017. The new rule that raises the maximum age to 21 years only applies to applications submitted from October 24 onward. Based on reports, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) isn’t applying the definition change retroactively due to concerns that the move would cause delayed application approvals.
The rise in the maximum age for dependent children actually reverts the rule back to where it was since the summer of 2002. Officials in the Conservative government lowered the maximum age to 18 years in the summer of 2014,.
With the previously “too restrictive” maximum age installed by the Conservative government, Liberal government lawmakers raised the maximum age in keeping with their commitments to family reunification and keeping families together.
Additionally, the regulatory change is expected to facilitate the immigration of young people aged 19 to 21. The age group is particularly important, the rationale goes, as individuals in this age demographic often live in parental households while pursuing post-secondary education goals.
Additionally, individuals in the 19 to 21 age group very likely are ineligible for Canadian permanent resident status under an economic immigration program due to education or work experience requirements around the application process. Essentially, this denies these young people the opportunity to join their family in Canada.
“When families are able to remain together as an economic household unit,” according to and IRCC statement, “their integration into Canada and their ability to work and contribute to their communities all improve.’
“We want all permanent residents, if possible, to become Canadians,” said Canada’s Immigration Minister, Ahmed Hussen, at a recent conference in Toronto. “Canada’s identity has always been shaped by the significant economic, cultural and social contributions of immigrants. Changes to the Citizenship Act will enhance program integrity, while giving more flexibility to eligible applicants to meet the requirements for citizenship so that they can continue building successful lives in Canada.”
Bill C-6 is now in effect. On June 19, 2017, it received Royal Assent and is now law. This bill amends Canada’s Citizenship Act and will now offer a quicker path to citizenship for permanent residents. Not all measures of the law will go into effect immediately. Some of the bill’s measures will take effect later this year or early 2018.
According to cicnews.com the new law, Bill C-6 will also:
- Allow permanent residents who had spent time in Canada on temporary status, such as on a work or study permit, to count up to 365 days of this temporary status towards the residency requirement.
- Remove the ‘intent to reside’ provision, which previously required new citizens to state that they intended to reside in Canada.
- Eliminate the government’s ability to revoke citizenship from naturalized citizens who hold dual citizenship on national security grounds, which the now-governing Liberals had said created a two-tiered citizenship system when in opposition.
- Permit children under the age of 18 to apply for citizenship without the support or consent of their parents.
- Give individuals who lost their citizenship on the grounds that it was obtained fraudulently the right to appeal that decision in Federal Court.
One measure of the bill taking effect later on this fall is much anticipated. Immigrants will now be eligible to apply for citizenship when they have accumulated 1,095 days, or three years, within a five-year period, instead of the 1,460 days required within 6 years.
Citizenship offers individuals the opportunity to political rights such as the ability to stand for office or the right to vote, to name a few benefits. As a Canadian Citizen, you also have the right to obtain a Canadian Passport.