The National Occupational Classification program is in effect a list of job descriptions that have been standardized by the government.
Standardization does a number of things that help in many aspects of government and industry:
- Immigration officials are better equipped to determine whether or not an immigrant is best for an employment visa to Canada.
- Corporations have rubrics and standards on which to base promotions and raises.
- By developing expectations, workers can feel more confident in doing their jobs because they will know in advance of what is expected of them.
The job descriptions listed in the National Occupational Classification are categorized by similarity. Each job is given a number. Each digit within that number has a meaning to itself.
The first digit is the Skill Type Classification. The next number indicates the Major Group Classification. The third number indicates the Minor group and the fourth number indicates the actual job description.
Below are the 10 Skill Types and their subordinate major categories according to the official National Occupation Classification of Canada website:
- 0—Management Occupations
- 1—Senior Management
- 2—Specialized Middle Management
- 3—Middle Management in Retail, Wholesale and Customer Service
- 4—Middle Management Occupations in Trades, Transportation, Production and Utilities
- 1—Business, Finance and Administration
- 1—Professionals in Business and Finance
- 2—Administrative and Financial Supervisors, Administration
- 3—Finance, Insurance and Related Business Administration
- 4—Office Support Professions
- 5—Distribution, Tracking and Scheduling Coordination
- 2—Natural and Applied Sciences
- 1—Professionals in Natural and Applied Sciences
- 2—Natural and Applied Sciences Technicians
- 0—Nursing Professionals
- 1—Non-Nursing Health Professionals
- 2—Health Technicians
- 4—Health Services and Assisting Support
- 4—Education, Law and Social, Community and Government Services
- 0—Professionals in Education Services
- 1—Professionals in Law and Social, Community and Government Services
- 2—Paraprofessionals in Legal, Social, Community and Education Services
- 3—Occupations in Front-Line Public Protection Services
- 4—Care Providers and Educational, Legal and Public Protection Support
- 5—Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport
- 1—Professionals in Art and Culture
- 2—Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport Technicians
- 6—Sales and Service
- 2—Retail Sales Supervisors and Specialized Sales
- 3—Service Supervisors and Specialized Service
- 4—Sales Representatives and Salespersons in Wholesale and Retail Trade
- 5—Service Representatives and Other Customer and Personal Service
- 6—Sales Support
- 7—Service Support and other Service Occupations
- 7—Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations
- 2—Industrial, Electrical and Construction Trades
- 3—Maintenance and Equipment Operation Trades
- 4—Other Installers, Repairers and Servicers and Material Handlers
- 5—Transport and Heavy Equipment Operation and Related Maintenance
- 6—Trades Helpers and construction Laborers
- 8—Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production Occupations
- 2—Supervisors and Technicians in Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production.
- 4—Workers in Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production
- 6—Harvesting, Landscaping and Natural Resources Laborers
- 9—Manufacturing and Utilities
- 2—Processing, Manufacturing and Utilities Supervisors and Central Control
- 4—Processing and Manufacturing Machine Operators and Related production Workers
- 5—Assemblers in Manufacturing
- 6—Laborers in Processing, Manufacturing and Utilities