Canada is very clearly a multicultural state and it is extremely interested in maintaining its view of equality between all peoples.
This doesn’t just mean between people of different ethnicities, religions or nationalities, but can be extended to sexual orientation or gender identity.
In this way, same-sex partners are treated exactly the same and can apply for immigration to Canada in the same way as any other married couple would.
Granted, of course, the marriage was recognized in the jurisdiction in which it took place. Children of these families are also recognized and may be included on applications.
Different Ways to Apply
There are many ways to apply for immigration status in Canada. There are two general processes by which people immigrate:
- Sponsorship through family. If one partner is already a Permanent Resident or citizen of Canada, they can then sponsor the immigration of their partner. Once the application is accepted, the partner and any children included on the application can enter Canada and apply for PR Cards.
- Sponsorship through work. People can immigrate to Canada if they are able to get a job that will sponsor them. There are many resources in Canada that allow potential immigrants to communicate with employers and arrange for sponsorship.
Different kinds of work-based sponsorship include:
- Canadian Experience Class where students in Canada can apply for Permanent Residency.
- Federal Skilled Workers Program which is the more general work category.
- Provincial immigration processes can also help immigrants come to Canada.
Another pathway to Permanent Residency in Canada may be through refugee status.
Refugees may apply for asylum in Canada if they can show that they faced persecution in the place from which they came.
Persecution may be interpreted in a number of different ways. Canada has institutions specifically designed to address the applications of asylum seekers. Applicants who claim asylum will make their case with one of these organizations.
Because of the hostility that presents itself to many countries throughout the world to LGBTQ peoples, they may have more of a basis to apply for refuge than many other people who come from democratic or developed nations.
The Permanent Resident Card
A Permanent Resident Card, otherwise known as a PR Card is the document that proves that an immigrant has Permanent Resident Status. This document is useful for a number of reasons:
- It can be used as identification
- Social services through the Canadian government can be obtained with a PR Card
- It serves as a work permit
- You can travel abroad and use the PR Card as proof that you can return to Canada
Becoming a Citizen
After a period of time as a Permanent Resident in Canada, many immigrants decide to become citizens.
Among the requirements for citizenship is Permanent Residency. Applying for citizenship is significantly easier after maintaining active residency in Canada for about four years.