Human trafficking which is becoming a significant legal and political issue, is nothing but the illegal trade of human beings for purposes such as forced labor. This is a modern form of slavery which is one of the immoral crimes. Through this criminal activity, people are recruited, bought or kidnapped in order to exploit them through sexual exploitation or forced labor. Women and children are found to be the victims of human trafficking in more numbers. They are deprived of their normal lives and are forced to provide sexual or labor services for the profit of their offenders. Such people are exploited mainly because of aggression, sexual assault, warnings of violation to them or their family members. Trafficking of humans differs from human smuggling. Human smuggling is done with the permission of the person where he pays a large sum of money to be smuggled and is finally free on arriving at the destination. The level of human trafficking is difficult to measure. It is because of the hesitation of the victims, hidden nature of the crime and the difficulty in identifying the victims.
Human trafficking is considered to be an offensive activity under the “Criminal Code of Canada and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act”. People including women and children are found to be victims of this kind of crime. But women represent majority of the human trafficking victims in Canada. Socially and economically disadvantaged people such as Aboriginal women, youth and children, migrants, immigrants and children who are in protection are more likely to be at risk.
“United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children” was first formalized by Canada. The efforts of Canada are guided by this protocol. It also seeks to prevent human trafficking, through a 4 principle approach. It prevents human trafficking from occurring, protects the victims of human trafficking, brings the culprits to justice and builds domestic and international partnerships against human trafficking.
The Canadian government has brought about a National Action Plan, to fight against human trafficking. This plan unifies the efforts of the federal government to fight human trafficking. This action plan introduces combative measures to identify and prevent human trafficking. This will also protect the most vulnerable people and prosecute the culprits. The national action plan will support the organizations which assist the victims. This plan will build on the domestic and international plan of Canada and will provide new competitive initiatives to deal with human trafficking. This will create a new enforcement team which will be led by the RCMP. This National Action Plan will be administered by the key departments of Human Trafficking Task-force, led by Public Safety Canada. It will be responsible for coordinating the effect of the federal anti-human trafficking and for reporting about its progress to the public.