The new Federal Skilled Worker Program begins accepting applications as of May 4, 2013 and this is good news for immigrants who are looking for speedy ways into Canada for work. The new application process should only take one year.
“We will not be able to remain competitive and attract the skilled immigrants we need if we allow backlogs and wait times to grow again,” Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Jason Kenney said in a recent press release, adding that this will “Transition nicely into the just-in-time immigration system of the future.”
Just-in-time should not be interpreted as a negative phrase; instead it indicates a concept that has its origins in business management. Just-in-time systems are useful because there are no relative wait times and resources and goods are available as soon as they are needed.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada previously released a backgrounder which outlined some aspects of the new program.
There are 24 different eligible occupations that immigrants can apply for with a cap of 300 applications for each of those occupations.
A total cap for the immigration program is set at 5,000 new applications per year.
In order to immigrate on this program, people must be able to show that they have the education required to take the job and are sufficiently proficient in English or French.
The CIC requires that FSWP workers meet the Canadian Language Benchmark of 7 for speaking, reading, writing and oral comprehension.
Eligible occupations have an accompanying number called an NOC classification code. This code will help you figure out the skill sets and education necessary to get a job in that particular field.
The eligible occupations and their corresponding NOC numbers are:
- · 0211, Engineering managers
- · 1112, Financial and investment analysts
- · 2113, Geoscientists and oceanographers
- · 2131, Civil engineers
- · 2132, Mechanical engineers
- · 2134, Chemical engineers
- · 2143, Mining engineers
- · 2144, Geological engineers
- · 2145, Petroleum engineers
- · 2146, Aerospace engineers
- · 2147, Computer engineers (except software engineers/designers)
- · 2154, Land surveyors
- · 2174, Computer programmers and interactive media developers
- · 2243, Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics
- · 2263, Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety
- · 3141, Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
- · 3142, Physiotherapists
- · 3143, Occupational Therapists
- · 3211, Medical laboratory technologists
- · 3212, Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants
- · 3214, Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
- · 3215, Medical radiation technologists
- · 3216, Medical sonographers
- · 3217, Cardiology technicians and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists
An educational credential assessment will take place confirming that the applying immigrant has the skills and education necessary to take the job in Canada.
The four organizations are the Comparative Education Service, the International Credential Assessment Service of Canada, World Education Services and the Medical Council of Canada.
Applying immigrants may be assessed by one or all of these organizations before immigrating.
Work Permits are immigration documents that allow immigrants to work within Canada. Work permits typically come with the status conferred onto immigrants who have obtained permanent residency, but there are other, less permanent, ways to obtain a work permit.
Different “Kinds” of Work Permits
Though there is no real difference in the actual permit itself, there are a few different ways to get a work permit in Canada:
- There are some circumstances where you do not need a work permit at all. Certain professions do not require a work permit and depending on which country you are from they might not even require a visa. This is of course only available on a temporary basis.
- Students can get work permits in some situations.
- Workers who only wish to stay in Canada for a short period of time can get a temporary work permit that they might be able to parlay into permanent residency.
- You can also choose to immigrate to Canada on a work visa which would allow you to work freely anywhere in the country. The easiest way to come to Canada on a work visa is by finding an employer who will sponsor you. This is easier than it sounds due to a number of programs already in place designed to attract immigrants.
The National Occupation Classification (NOC) exists to codify and standardize job descriptions in Canada.
Why is this useful? Other than being an excellent metric for intercompany use in HR departments, this classification system is also widely used in immigration to match up potential immigrants with their potential employers.
By using one of the job descriptions in the NOC to identify your skills you can be better prepared to communicate your value to a potential employer.
Finding a Job
Finding an employer who is willing to sponsor your immigration to Canada can be something of a process. You will have to find potential employers and apply for positions within their organizations. After you have established a sponsor you can then apply for immigration in Canada.
Applying for Immigration
There are many different forms that need to be filled out to apply for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Immigration Direct provides assistance in filing these forms on the website.
Keep in mind that the newest version of the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) will not be available until May 4, 2013 and it is inadvisable to apply for work-based immigration until that day.
Canada has one of the most stable and leading economies in the world and there are plenty of jobs available. Probably the best part of Canada’s cooperation between its economy and its government for immigrants is that it encourages more and more people to come to Canada every year.
Keep in mind that applying for a work permit through a federal program is not your only option. You can also petition individual provinces or territories to sponsor your landing if you believe that you can bring a particular set of skills that would provide useful there.
The National Occupation Classification catalogues and codes job descriptions to further assist in connecting employers and employees in Canada.
Immigrants may find the NOC to be particularly helpful because it can provide a rubric on which they can apply to their own skills and abilities and objectively demonstrate to a Canadian employer that they are what that employer wants.
Nursing Co-Coordinators and Supervisors
These professionals are part of the managing branch of nurses in a hospital or in some other medical setting. Nursing supervisors in patient care, psychiatric care, public health and other fields are part of this classification in the NOC.
The nursing coordinators and supervisors category is labeled as number 3011.
Nursing supervisors are expected to oversee their nurses as well as analyze patient needs and coordinate nurses to provide these services. Making sure that care is provided to the patients under their care is essential to this position. Establishing policies in a nursing department will also be required of nursing supervisors.
Nursing supervisors are effectively the managers of a nursing department and as a result have many of the same duties as managers in other fields. Hiring, firing, evaluation, developing training and collaborating with other departments are all part of the job.
This position is considered to be a job for skilled professionals and therefore applicants must have a history of education that reflects their suitability in the job. A university level degree in nursing or related field will be necessary as well as evidence of study in management while in school. Most nurses have to be registered with a provincial level authority and this will also be required for the job.
The coded number for registered nurses and psychiatric nurses is 3012. Registered nurses are expected to have a degree in nursing. The level of degree and the courses required vary based upon which field the nurse intends to work in. Registration must also have taken place in the province that the nurse intends to work in.
According to the Official National Occupation Classification job description the duties involved in nursing include:
- Operating medical equipment
- Assisting in surgery
- Administration of medication and treatments prescribed by doctors
- Assessing the progress of patients during treatment
- Assessing patients for “appropriate nursing interventions”
- Teaching and counseling patients or people in the community about health
- Psychiatric nurses counsel and care for patients in hospitals clinics and long-term care facilities
- Nursing consultants provide information to organizations about nursing
- Nursing researchers conduct research in the field of nursing
- Clinical nurses specialize in particular health care groups within organizations.
For more information regarding the nursing profession in Canada you can explore the Regulated Nursing Professions Database online or the Canadian Nurses Association.
The National Occupational Classification program is in effect a list of job descriptions that have been standardized by the government.
Standardization does a number of things that help in many aspects of government and industry:
- Immigration officials are better equipped to determine whether or not an immigrant is best for an employment visa to Canada.
- Corporations have rubrics and standards on which to base promotions and raises.
- By developing expectations, workers can feel more confident in doing their jobs because they will know in advance of what is expected of them.
The job descriptions listed in the National Occupational Classification are categorized by similarity. Each job is given a number. Each digit within that number has a meaning to itself.
The first digit is the Skill Type Classification. The next number indicates the Major Group Classification. The third number indicates the Minor group and the fourth number indicates the actual job description.
Below are the 10 Skill Types and their subordinate major categories according to the official National Occupation Classification of Canada website:
- 0—Management Occupations
- 1—Senior Management
- 2—Specialized Middle Management
- 3—Middle Management in Retail, Wholesale and Customer Service
- 4—Middle Management Occupations in Trades, Transportation, Production and Utilities
- 1—Business, Finance and Administration
- 1—Professionals in Business and Finance
- 2—Administrative and Financial Supervisors, Administration
- 3—Finance, Insurance and Related Business Administration
- 4—Office Support Professions
- 5—Distribution, Tracking and Scheduling Coordination
- 2—Natural and Applied Sciences
- 1—Professionals in Natural and Applied Sciences
- 2—Natural and Applied Sciences Technicians
- 0—Nursing Professionals
- 1—Non-Nursing Health Professionals
- 2—Health Technicians
- 4—Health Services and Assisting Support
- 4—Education, Law and Social, Community and Government Services
- 0—Professionals in Education Services
- 1—Professionals in Law and Social, Community and Government Services
- 2—Paraprofessionals in Legal, Social, Community and Education Services
- 3—Occupations in Front-Line Public Protection Services
- 4—Care Providers and Educational, Legal and Public Protection Support
- 5—Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport
- 1—Professionals in Art and Culture
- 2—Art, Culture, Recreation and Sport Technicians
- 6—Sales and Service
- 2—Retail Sales Supervisors and Specialized Sales
- 3—Service Supervisors and Specialized Service
- 4—Sales Representatives and Salespersons in Wholesale and Retail Trade
- 5—Service Representatives and Other Customer and Personal Service
- 6—Sales Support
- 7—Service Support and other Service Occupations
- 7—Trades, Transport and Equipment Operators and Related Occupations
- 2—Industrial, Electrical and Construction Trades
- 3—Maintenance and Equipment Operation Trades
- 4—Other Installers, Repairers and Servicers and Material Handlers
- 5—Transport and Heavy Equipment Operation and Related Maintenance
- 6—Trades Helpers and construction Laborers
- 8—Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production Occupations
- 2—Supervisors and Technicians in Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production.
- 4—Workers in Natural Resources, Agriculture and Related Production
- 6—Harvesting, Landscaping and Natural Resources Laborers
- 9—Manufacturing and Utilities
- 2—Processing, Manufacturing and Utilities Supervisors and Central Control
- 4—Processing and Manufacturing Machine Operators and Related production Workers
- 5—Assemblers in Manufacturing
- 6—Laborers in Processing, Manufacturing and Utilities
The National Occupation Classification is a list of job descriptions designed to aid in matching potential employees to employers, especially if they are immigrants. This article will discuss Category 9, Occupations in Manufacturing and Utilities.
9212 Supervisors of Petroleum, Gas and Chemical Processing and Utilities
These supervisors look over workers in the following categories:
- 9232—Petroleum, Gas and Chemical Process Operators.
- 9241—Power Engineers and Power Systems Operators.
- 9243—Water and Waste Treatment Plant Operators.
- 9421—Chemical Plant Machine Operators.
- 9613—Laborers in Chemical Products Processing and Utilities.
These supervisors are often required to have college level education in their field to be able to take this job. Experience is often expected and certifications in handling of waste may be expected. Licensing through provincial authorities may be necessary for qualification.
Duties expected of this level of supervisor include:
- supervising and scheduling the activities of the above mentioned worker-categories,
- be well versed in conflict resolution and mediation,
- be able to manage the environmental regulations of Canada,
- ensure that projects are completed to requirements and specifications regarding time and cost,
- manage training in all aspects of the above jobs,
The above is not a complete list and supervisors may be expected to have additional professional skills to be successful at this job.
Canada has a number of car manufacturing facilities within its borders and individuals who are able to manage the assembly process of motor vehicles.
This occupation requires a certain skill set which includes the ability to schedule the manufacturing process among multiple sections of development. The ability to increase productivity is also well regarded. Training abilities are necessary. Basic resource management is also necessary with requisitioning materials and recognizing employees for hire and promotion.
Most supervisors in this field will have college level qualifications in engineering, science or business in order to accept the job. Experience within the field will also be required and won’t be a substitute for education.
There are a many logging and forestry jobs available in Canada, particularly in the Prairie Provinces where there are huge forests. There is quite a lot of demand for this type of work and it is possible to apply for immigration based on employment with a logging or forestry company.
The NOC (National Occupation Classification system) exists to define professions and jobs throughout Canada in an effort to standardize what is expected of people with certain job descriptions. This classification system is used in immigration applications for employment based immigration.
Below are two different job descriptions that some people look for when looking for a basis for immigration.
8421 Chain Saw and Skidder Operators
The logging industry uses workers to operate chainsaws to cut down trees and then a skidder is used to drag the logs to a staging area for transportation.
Alternate names used for this profession include:
- Grapple Skidder Operator,
- Landingperson, or
In the course of duty for this job chain saw and skidder operators will be expected to
- Fell and delimb trees,
- Transport trees to landing area,
- Maintain and repair logging equipment,
- Operate as a logging team.
Depending on the employer’s preferences, the following may be employment requirements:
- High school degree,
- College degree in forestry,
- Formal training,
8422 Silviculture and Forestry Workers
Silviculture is the care and management of trees and forests. The difference between silviculturalists and loggers is that silviculture is more interested in the upkeep of forests instead of cutting down trees.They are most often hired by logging companies or contractors.
Other names for silviculture include:
- Clearing saw operator,
- Forest firefighter,
- Thinning saw operator,
- Forestry crewperson.
Duties included in silviculture are:
- Seeding forest sites,
- Using thinning saws to aid in forest growth,
- Controlling weeds and undergrowth,
- Fight forest fires,
- Preparing forests for other projects.
Requirements for employment may include:
- High school degree,
- College degree,
- Formal training, or on the job training,
- A license.
In Canada, particularly in the western provinces, there is a great deal of resource collection industry. Recently, enormous deposits of natural gas and oil sands have been discovered in places like Alberta, and Canada simply does not have enough professionals to extract these natural resources.
This is why Canada is particularly keen about granting Permanent Residency to engineers who would like to work in these industries.
2143 Mining Engineers
Engineers who specialize in mining design and manage the operation of a particular mine.
Titles often used for this variety of job include:
- Mine design engineer,
- Mine layout engineer,
- Mine Safety engineer,
- Mineral engineer, or
- A mining engineer.
Duties pertaining to mining engineers vary widely and this is why there are so many different kinds of titles for the general position. Engineers are responsible for:
- Analyzing whether or not it is worth the effort to open a mine,
- Safety operations and procedures within the mine,
- Designing the mine to efficiently collect the targeted ore,
- Among other responsibilities implicit in engineering.
Engineers hold highly skilled jobs and often require several years of tertiary-level education. Bachelor’s degrees, masters degrees, or higher may be required as well as professional licensing for engineering. Regulation of engineers is standard practice.
2144 Geological Engineer
Geological engineers analyze the Earth for various projects that may include mining or petroleum extraction or building other structures.
Geological engineers are also sometimes known as geophysical engineers or hydrogeological engineers (if they happen to study the interaction of rock and water).
Duties implicitly included in geological engineering are:
- Planning and analyzing geological projects,
- Preparing consulting reports for other engineers working on such projects,
- Earthquake proofing,
- Putting together surveys to analyze lodes,
- Computer related research and modeling.
Like other engineers, geological engineers are expected to have a certain degree of education (such as a bachelor’s or master’s degree), experience and a license that allows them to practice engineering within a province.
Engineering positions can often be parlayed into other fields of specialty.
2145 Petroleum Engineers
Petroleum Engineers predictably work with the extraction of hydrocarbons for use in fuels or the production of plastics. In a more practical sense they are much more involved in the extraction process than the refining process of these materials.
Petroleum engineers are also known as drilling engineers, production engineers, reservoir engineers, or subsea engineers (where the job is conducted on off-shore rigs).
As a course of business petroleum engineers will:
- Support the extraction of petrochemicals from reservoirs,
- Create drilling programs,
- Optimize extraction,
- Oversee the entire process of removing these materials from the Earth in the most efficient way possible.
Petroleum engineers will be required to have sufficient university educations, and be appropriately licensed to practice engineering in the provinces.
The government of Canada has numerous programs in place designed to aid in the success of the economy, and the National Occupation Classification is one of those programs.
Although it was designed for general use in Canadian markets, it is absolutely invaluable in the implementation of many immigration work programs like the Provincial Skilled Worker Program, among others.
Immigrants looking to become Permanent Residents through employment would do well to study the occupation classifications included in the NOC catalogues.
For domestic companies it is essential to have clear and objective job descriptions. Large companies often have the resources to develop these kinds of databases, but the NOC is designed to assist small and medium sized businesses.
When most people think of job descriptions they conjure images of job searching, looking through online databases—almost at random—for some company that will hire them. It is certainly true that job descriptions are particularly useful in finding employment by both employees and employers.
However, by standardizing job descriptions, as the NOC has done, both employees and employers gain a better idea of what they want. Employers will be more likely to hire people who fit into the niche needed for the company; and, conversely, employees will find themselves in jobs that are best suited to their skills abilities.
Employers will profit from good hires and employees will be challenged and happy in their new positions.
For people looking for work it would be a very good idea to look through the NOC catalogue to find the classification that is most suited to their skills. By doing so, they will be able to focus their job search and significantly increase their chances of scoring a hit and entering into a new job in Canada that is perfect for them.
Aside from connecting the best employee with the best employer, the National Occupation Classifications provide a number of other helpful resources.
There comes a time in every manager’s career where a manager or other employee is expected to analyze the performance of another. Some people feel great anxiety when presented with this problem, but the National Occupation Classifications can help. The best way to go about work evaluations is to take a scientific approach. The job description provided by the NOC is the base of expectation for an employee and all someone has to do is how the person has completed those duties. The evaluation is no longer arbitrary in this case, but based on objective fact.
NOC job descriptions typically have four parts to them:
- The name of the position. This also includes the number and name that the NOC uses for its classification system.
- Other titles.
- Duties. These are the activities and work that the employee is expected to perform during a typical work day.
- Hiring requirements. Some jobs require a certain amount of education or experience and can vary widely depending on what the company is looking for.
As a part of Immigration Direct’s frequent updates, we will provide descriptions and immigration plans for many of the National Occupation Classification.