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How Do I Get Permanent Residence Through Marriage?

While Canada prefers to place great importance and preference upon immigrants who wish to enter the country to work, they are not opposed to letting families be re-united within their borders. Family cohesiveness is an important aspect of Canadian culture and Canada also recognizes the importance of other cultures, something it embraces. As a Permanent Resident or citizen you can help your spouse immigrate to Canada.

In many instances you will be able to bring your significant other with you on a work visa, but if you already reside within Canada you will need to sponsor their Permanent Resident Card.

As of October 25, 2012, new regulations have been put in place regarding spouse sponsorship for Permanent Residency to further curtail potential fraud in the Canadian immigration system.  Every spouse sponsored to live in Canada and obtain a PR Card must be in a legitimate relationship with their spouse for at least two years after their PR Card is granted. If it is less you will be risking removal. This is the rule for all sponsored spouses in Canada as of the October announcement.

Eligibility:

Generally you can be a sponsor for your significant other if you are able to support them financially and neither of you have committed any crimes. Financial support is probably the most important aspect of this because the Canadian government is not willing to take on unnecessary burdens into its society. This is not to say that you or your family can never take advantage of any social programs, rather you must prove that you intend to fully support your family.

The Application:

 

There are really two applications that you must submit to help your spouse move to Canada. Your spouse must apply for permanent residence at a Case Processing Center in Canada and you must also submit an application to sponsor him or her at the same time. Keep in mind that any applicant for Permanent Residency in Canada will have to go through medical screenings and background checks. If they do not pass these tests they will not be permitted to enter Canada.

How Long Does Spouse Sponsorship Take?

After your applications are submitted it takes a little over a month for them to be processed. At the end of this period you will be informed of whether or not the applications were accepted or granted or otherwise. This is why it is important to use care when applying. If you make an error, your application might not be rejected, but it will still take longer for it to be granted.

What to Do While You Wait for Approval:

You will want to track the progress of your applications with the CIC and get ready for your spouse’s entry into Canada. The landing spouse (the one entering Canada on their new Permanent Resident Card) should keep all of their immigration documents on them when they enter the country.

This article is really just a general overview of the process and for more information be sure to check back in with Immigration Direct for future articles and blog posts.

 

Renew Your Permanent Resident Card: Payment and Mailing Options

After you have completed your Permanent Resident Card renewal application and gathered the relevant documents in your application package you are ready to pay the application fee and submit it to Citizenship and Immigration Canada. This particular step in the process is no more important than any other step, but it would be rather unfortunate if you were to get to this point and make an error after all of that effort.

The fee that you will need to pay to CIC for your new Permanent Resident Card is a flat $50 per person. If you pay too little your application will be returned and this will delay the process further, something that you should endeavor to avoid. If you pay too much the balance will simply be automatically refunded to you, however, there is no reason to pay too little or too much when it is so plainly stated.

There are two different ways for you to pay your fees to the CIC, either through a Canadian financial institution or online using Canada’s easy online payment system. Note: Canada’s online payment system only takes American Express, Mastercard or Visa. Paypal or debit cards are not accepted.

In order to pay your fees online you will need to have an internet browser, an active e-mail, a printer and a credit card. After you pay online you will have to print out the receipt, write in by hand certain information on the page and then attach it to your application as proof that you have paid the required fee or fees.

If you already live in Canada (likely considering you are renewing your PR Card) and you don’t want to pay online you can pay at a financial institution in Canada by printing out form IMM 5401, filling it out and giving the bottom copy to the financial institution upon your payment. Keep the top copy for your own records and be sure to attach the middle copy to your application as proof of your payment.

Now that your application is completed you may want to take some time to review your materials and ensure that you have all of your documents in order. It might even be a good idea to have someone else look over your application to try to find and correct any errors or to check if you have included all of the necessary documents.

Depending upon whether or not you will be mailing your application or sending it by courier you have two different addresses to use.

 

Case Processing Centre — PR Card

P.O. Box 10020

Sydney, NS B1P 7C1

Canada

 

For a mailed in application.

 

Case Processing Centre — PR Card

47- 49 Dorchester Street

Sydney, NS

B1P 5Z2

 

If you are sending your application through a courier.

If you need your application to be processed in a hurry because you are about to travel, include a copy of your travel ticket and write “Urgent, proof of travel included” below the mailing address.

After your application has been submitted you will either receive your new PR Card in the mail, receive an appointment to pick up your PR Card or your application will be returned to you.

Renew Your PR Card: The Application

Permanent Resident Cards are proof, issued by the Canadian government, of your status as a Permanent Resident and entitles you to live, work, study or travel within the country. Permanent Resident Cards (often referred to as PR Cards) are particularly necessary when you wish to travel outside of Canada because customs and immigration officials will want to see your PR Card as proof of your status. Check the expiry date on your PR Card, you may have to renew it soon! Renewing your PR Card is easy with Immigration Direct, sign up today!

After you have gathered the necessary documents for your application it is time to actually fill out the necessary forms. The two most relevant forms are IMM 5444 and IMM 5455. You may also have to file other forms such as IMM 5476 depending upon your particular situation.

On the Application for Permanent Resident Card (IMM 5444) you will be formally requesting a Permanent Resident Card and you will have to be sure that check the particular box that states that you are requesting a renewal. The first section of the application is relatively straightforward and will largely only ask for general biographic information.

Recently, the CIC has made some changes to the application and you can now list your e-mail address if you would like. By putting your e-mail address within that field in the application all of the correspondence that you will conduct with CIC will come through your email and not your residence. If you list a mailing address the CIC will send all relevant correspondence to that address instead of to your residential address or your e-mail.

The history and immigration history sections of the application are used to determine whether or not you are who you are claiming to be and your eligibility for a Permanent Resident Card renewal. As a Permanent Resident it is your responsibility to maintain a certain residential requirement. You must reside within Canada for 1,095 days (or three years) out of five years.

If you are applying for renewal early and you have only recently immigrated to Canada, meaning that you have only lived in Canada for four years, you do not necessarily need to meet the 1,095 rule. However, by the end of the five year period you must have lived in Canada for 1,095 days in order to retain your Permanent Resident status.

When completing the history portion of the application it is of utmost importance that you be entirely truthful. Citizenship and Immigration Canada maintain their own databases and it is likely that they will compare what they have on record to what you have written on your renewal application. If there is a discrepancy you may end up in a lot of trouble with CIC, which has been much stricter about immigration fraud as of late.

When filling out your Supplementary Identification form you will have to include some photos which must adhere to some rather strict standards. You can find these requirements on Immigration Direct’s blog.

Let Immigration Direct get you started on your path to renewing your Permanent Resident Card today!

Renew Your PR Card: Required Documents

After five years your Permanent Resident Card will expire and you should try to renew it as soon as possible. Renewing your Permanent Resident Card is easy with Immigration Direct and can ensure that you have all of the required documentation. Below is a list of documents you will need for the renewal process:

In addition to form IMM 5444 (Document Checklist) you will also need to submit these forms in your application:

  • An identification document that has an identification number, an expiry date and your name, portrait and your birthday. This could be a 1) current and valid passport, 2) other official travel document, 3) a certificate of identity from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or another country.
  • Two supporting identification documents which could be 1) form IMM 1000, Record of Landing, 2) form IMM 5292 or 5688, Confirmation of Permanent Residence, 3) A valid provincial driver’s license, 4) a valid provincial identification card, 5) a student identification card from a university or college that has a photo of you, 6) or your Income Tax documents from the Canada Revenue Agency.
  • You will also need to show that you meet the residency requirements for Permanent Residency. Permanent Residents must reside within Canada for three out of five years in order to keep their status. You can prove that you meet this requirement by including photocopies of the pages of all of the pages of all of the passports that you have held in the past five years. You must also submit one of these documents as well 1) an Income Tax document from the past five years, 2) a transcript that shows that you attended a post-secondary school recently within Canada (university or college transcripts are satisfactory for this requirement, 3) attendance records for children under 18 are required to renew a PR Card. If you happened to immigrate to Canada after the age of 18 you do not need elementary or secondary school attendance records.

You should not mail in your expired Permanent Resident Card, but retain it in case you are called in for an interview. After you receive your new Permanent Resident Card you must destroy the expired one immediately.

All of these documents must be translated if they are not in either English or French. This even includes the stamps on your passport pages. All translations must be included with the certified copy of the document and a translator’s statement which confirms that the translation is correct and accurate. Find a useful guide to proper creation of certified copies on Immigration Direct’s blog.

After you have collected all of the necessary documents to renew your Permanent Resident Card you can proceed to the next step in the process: filling out the application.

This article is a part of a series on how to renew you Permanent Resident Card. Be sure to check back to Immigration Direct for additional updates and further articles about how to apply for PR Cards.

Immigration Canada: Canadian Justice

Although it is not possible to have the full rights guaranteed by the Canadian government unless you become a full citizen, Permanent Residents are very highly protected by the Canadian system. Permanent Residents are of course subject to removal if they commit crimes, but because of how the Canadian justice system works just because a Permanent Resident is arrested does not mean that they will be instantly removed.

Immigration fraud almost always means removal or some other punishment by the Canadian government. There really is no reason for any immigrant to be deported because they made an error on their application. Immigration Direct provides a useful service, for a fee, that helps you immigrate to Canada properly so you do not need to worry about being removed or denied immigration benefits because of an error in your application.

Canada’s law system is quite similar to that of many other western nations and is based upon a tradition of law. Generally there are a few different kinds of law that justice systems are based upon, there are theocratic law systems which are based upon religious texts, civil law which is based upon laws explicitly written, and common law which is based upon precedents in courts. What this means is that when trials are being examined they will be compared and contrasted to other similar cases from the past to see what decisions have already been made. Canada uses a common law system that can trace its roots back to the early 11th century in England when the Magna Carta was signed.

Over the years different precedents and rules are established through trials and other legal actions. In Canada all trials operate under the assumption that you are innocent. This means that you cannot be deported just because you were accused of a crime or arrested. Also when being tried you are also entitled to all of the rights that are given to you by the Canadian government and the people administering the proceedings must also follow the law during the trial.

Hopefully you won’t come across any legal troubles, but it is important that you be aware of your rights in Canada. Just because you are an immigrant and not yet a citizen does not mean that you can be alienated from your rights as a human and resident of Canada. If, in the unfortunate event, you find yourself involved in legal proceedings it is important that you retain a lawyer to help you navigate the legal system and to protect your rights.

There are also immigrant advocacy organizations throughout Canada who will help protect you against injustices that certain people may want to subject you to. You should not feel absolutely bonded to a company or a person so that you can keep your Permanent Resident status if they are mistreating you.

These laws are what makes Canada one of the best and most just countries in the world and its why hundreds of thousands of people immigrate there every year. Become one of them and experience the freedom that is the Dominion of Canada!

Permanent Resident Cards and What They Do

The Permanent Resident Card is one of the primary immigration documents in Canada. The benefits that you will be entitled to once you get your PR card are relatively easy to understand, but the difficult part is applying for and receiving the card itself. That’s why there is a  helpful online service like Immigration Direct which helps people just like you get your permanent resident status.

The Canadian Permanent Resident Card allows immigrants to live, work and study anywhere in Canada. Quebec happens to have a different immigration application system than the rest of Canada, but generally speaking the Permanent Resident Card is the same everywhere. With the PR Card immigrants also have access to the majority of benefits available through the Canadian government, this includes Canada’s famous Medicare system. Instead of many other countries that only ever really use private insurance, all people of Canada have their basic medical needs taken care of by the government. This means that it is often free to receive essential medical care throughout Canada.

Permanent Residents—in fact, everyone within the borders of Canada—are protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. These basic human rights are granted to permanent residents in Canada and cannot be infringed upon. Permanent residents are also allowed to eventually apply for Canadian citizenship which entitles one to the entirety of benefits under the Canadian government including the ability to vote and run for office. In some cases immigrants may retain their previous citizenship as well as gain Canadian citizenship. This is called dual-citizenship.

Responsibilities required by the Canadian government of permanent residents are that they must pay taxes and respect the laws of all levels of government. Laws and taxes are defined by federal, provincial and city governments.

Maintaining one’s permanent resident status is relatively simple because there are few reasons for why it may be revoked. One reason for the revocation of your PR Card is if you are ever convicted of a serious crime. This will prompt the Canadian government to ask you to leave the country. Another reason is if you happen to be outside of the country for too long. If this occurs your permanent residence will be considered abandoned and the government will simply assume that you no longer wish to reside in Canada. It is unlikely that the government will consider you to be leaving the country permanently if you are simply taking a vacation.

If you do take a vacation it is very important that you have your PR Card on you when you return to Canada because the customs officers at the borders will want to see it. Fortunately it is a very convenient document. It’s about the size and feel of a credit card.

So sign up with Immigration Direct today and begin reaping the benefits made available to you through the Canadian government.

How to Become a Permanent Resident of Canada by Starting a Business

Permanent Resident of CanadaCitizenship and Immigration Canada, offers Business Immigration Program which attracts foreign investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed persons. This is a program which attracts business people to Canada, who may support and strengthen the economy of Canada. Foreign nationals who immigrate to Canada based on business immigration are expected to invest around C$800,000, in Canada.

In order obtain an immigrant visa and to own or run a business in Canada, there are certain requirements to be met by the foreign investors and entrepreneurs. The criteria for the three different categories of immigrants are different. Hence while you seek to become a permanent resident of Canada based on business immigration, choose your particular category and file an application in that particular category as the category cannot be changed once you file an application and the criteria for each category is different.

Investors

The Immigrant Investor Program offered by CIC, looks for knowledgeable foreign business people who are capable of investing C$800,000 in Canada. Such investors may become permanent residents of Canada. In order to become permanent residents, the investors must establish that they have good experience in business. They must also prove that the investment capital was obtained through lawful means and must be able to invest C$800,000. The investment made by eligible foreign nationals will be managed by CIC and it will use the investment to create jobs in Canada, which will lead to the growth of the Canadian economy.

If you have the required experience and if you wish to become a permanent resident of Canada, you must make the investment before CIC grants you an immigrant visa. You can follow the instructions sent by the visa office and finish the process in around 30 days. The investment that you had made in Canada will be returned to you, by the CIC, in around five years without interest.

Entrepreneur

The purpose of the Immigrant Entrepreneur Program is to welcome well-experienced entrepreneurs who will own and administer commercial enterprises in Canada. Such businesses must contribute to the Canadian economy, thereby creating new jobs in Canada. If your application for an entrepreneur program is approved, CIC will grant you a permanent resident visa.

Self-employed

A foreign national who is capable of becoming self-employed in Canada, may file an application for an immigrant visa through the Self-Employed Persons Program. In order to become eligible to immigrate to Canada through this program, self-employed persons must have qualifying experience that is likely to contribute to the culture of Canada. Self-employed persons may also become eligible if they have experience in farm management and if they are capable of purchasing and managing farms in Canada. CIC will come to a decision and will provide you a permanent resident visa, after your application is approved.

What You Should Know After Entering Canada as a Permanent Resident ?

Canada Permanent ResidentOn entering Canada as a permanent resident, you must be aware of certain things and you must get your identification documents and other papers. You must carry documents that indicate your home country as it is important to prove who you are and where you are from. You must keep such documents safe as you may not get those documents replaced so easily. Make sure that you retain copies of your birth certificate, health records, permanent resident card and Confirmation of Permanent Residence form (IMM 5292), along with the original documents. If you choose to reside in the Canadian province, Quebec, you must possess a Certificat de sélection du Québec.

Without the required documents you may not be able to apply for federal benefits and other government services. You must provide these documents to obtain a Social Insurance Number card and a health insurance card. You must not allow anyone else to use your identification documents and if you do so, you will lose your benefits. Keep the all your documents in a safe place. You are not required to carry with you all the original documents; it is enough if you carry with you copies of the identification documents or any one identification document. You may choose to carry with you a copy of your permanent resident card, your credit card or your driver’s license.

The next thing that you must do after entering Canada is apply for a Social Insurance Number. A Social Insurance Number (SIN) will be required to get employment opportunities in Canada. You must have a SIN card to open a bank account in Canada and to obtain your tax credit. The Canadian government uses the Social  Insurance Number to identify the number of people who pay taxes and who use government services.

You may apply for Canada Child Tax Benefit, if you have children below age 18. You may receive aid from the government of Canada to raise your children, through this. Canada Child Tax Benefit could be a non-taxable monthly payment. This benefit will be granted based on factors such as your family income and the number of children you have. This benefit is also based on the place where you reside in Canada. You may apply for this benefit providing a proof of your immigration status in Canada and birth certificate of your child that was born outside Canada. You must also file your income tax returns every year to obtain this benefit. A separate form to declare your income must be completed, if you have not resided in Canada for a long time. As you become a permanent resident of Canada make sure that you have all the required documents, including your permanent resident card and other documents to prove your legal status and to receive all the benefits.

After Becoming a Permanent Resident of Canada

Canada Permanent Resident

A permanent resident of Canada is a foreign national who has been granted permanent resident status by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. He is a person who has obtained lawful status in Canada, by immigrating to Canada but he is not a Canadian citizen. Though a permanent resident of Canada is a citizen of some other foreign country, he is granted certain rights and privileges and to exercise those rights, he must satisfy certain residency requirements. People who travel to Canada on temporary basis, for education or tourism are not permanent residents of Canada and they may not be eligible to reside in Canada permanently. Permanent residents of Canada are granted permanent resident cards as a proof of their legal status in Canada.

As a permanent resident you may

  • be free to reside and work anywhere in the country.
  • receive social benefits similar to that of Canadian citizens.
  • be protected by all the local and federal laws of Canada.
  • be eligible to become a Canadian citizen on meeting the requirements for citizenship.

In turn, you must pay your taxes and abide by the federal and provincial laws of Canada.

As a permanent resident, you may not be eligible to

  • vote in the elections.
  • get a job that requires high-level security clearance and get jobs that are limited only to the citizens of Canada.
  • stay back in Canada if you had involved in criminal activities and if you were ordered to be deported.

Maintain Your Lawful Status in Canada

>Canada grants permanent resident status to foreign nationals but that status is not valid for life time. Though that status allows the holder to live and work in Canada, the permanent resident cards are valid only for five years. Moreover a permanent resident may not live outside Canada for an extended period of time. In order to retain your permanent resident status in Canada, you may not remain outside the country for more than three years within a period of five years.

You may lose your permanent residence status in Canada if

  • you do not meet the residency requirements.
  • you involve in criminal activities which may lead to deportation from Canada.

Benefits of the Permanent Resident Card

This card may be used as an official travel document and it may be used to prove that you are a lawful permanent resident of Canada, while outside the country. Similarly you must present a valid permanent resident card at a Canadian port of entry while you re-enter Canada.

On being a foreign national, if you seek to become a Canadian citizen, you must be a lawful permanent resident of Canada. An adult who is a permanent resident of Canada must have resided continuously in Canada for a period of three years within the past four years, to be eligible for Canadian citizenship. Apart from the residency requirements, there are few other requirements to be met, in order to qualify for Canadian citizenship. You may not be required to hold a permanent resident card once you become a citizen of Canada.

Permanent Resident of Canada

Permanent Resident CanadaA permanent resident of Canada is not a Canadian citizen, but a person who has been granted permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada. Though such permanent residents are still nationals of their home countries Canada grants them certain privileges and rights. There are also certain residency obligations that the permanent residents must fulfill.

A person who entered Canada as a student or a visitor is not a permanent resident of Canada. Similarly, people who make claims as refugees at a Canadian port of entry are not permanent residents. They may become permanent residents after they receive an affirmative decision from the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. Once they are granted refugee status they may apply for permanent resident status in Canada.

Similar to the Canadian citizens, permanent residents along with their eligible dependents may receive certain social benefits. Social benefits include health care benefits. Permanent residents are allowed to study, live and work anywhere in Canada. They are also protected under the Canadian laws and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom. Permanent residents must pay their taxes and abide by the federal and provincial laws of Canada.

Though the permanent residents are granted certain rights, they are not allowed to vote in the federal elections. They can live and work anywhere is Canada but they cannot work for certain offices that require high-level security clearance. Permanent residents who are convicted of serious crimes will not be allowed to remain in Canada. They are required to reside in Canada for at least two years in a five-year period, to retain their permanent resident status in Canada. Though this status allows them to live permanently in Canada, Canada imposes a time-limit on how long a permanent resident can leave Canada and stay outside Canada. If Canadian permanent residents are found to stay outside Canada for an extended period of time, then they may lose their status in Canada. Similarly, persons who do not meet their residency obligations may lose their status. Persons convicted for crimes will also lose their permanent resident status in Canada, apart from being deported.

The permanent resident card which is granted to foreign nationals as a proof of their lawful status in Canada can be used as an official proof while traveling. This card must be provided when the permanent residents seek to re-enter Canada. They must possess this wallet-sized card whenever they leave or re-enter Canada. Permanent residents may apply for Canadian citizenship on meeting all the eligibility requirements. Persons who become Canadian citizen will no longer be permanent residents.